Ioan Tanoviceanu (1858-1917)


    " All these reforms certainly are made in offenders' favour; nay, really couldn't be found any reform of our penal legislation in favour even of the honest people, which also merit the lawmaker's benevolence[...] ? "

[Ioan Tanoviceanu , the Father of Romanian Penal Law Doctrine]


Ioan Tanoviceanu was born in January the 18th 1858, on family's estate in village of Glodu, county of Dolj (South West of Romania) and forced to leave the Bucharest, because of the First World War and of German occupation, died far away from his beloved country, in restless revolutionary Odessa on April the 8th 1917, being 59 years old. His elder brother Gheorghe Tanoviceanu, judge, president of Appelate Court of Galatzi (1910-1914) died being 61 years old, on December 1914. Prof. Tanoviceanu had been had as relatives other notable jurists; on December the 30th 1904 he married civil and religiously the daughter of illustrious magistrate G.E.Schina (president of the Appelate Court of Bucharest, between 1895 and 1900, General Prosecutor near the High Court of Cassation and Justice between 1900 and 1905, president of the High Court of Cassation and Justice between May and Nov.1905).

He brilliantly had finished his secondary school in the Lycée Carol the First, in Craiova. Afterwards, he graduaded in 1880 the University of Bucharest, Faculty of Law, with the thesis "About the effects of conventions in Roman and Romanian Law", Printing House of Lipscani, Bucharest.

in 1884 the Faculty of Law from Paris proclaimed also Ioan Tanoviceanu a PhD in law "magna cum laude".

Provided with a sparkling intelligence, the young jurist was a connoisseur of several foreign languages, and thus during his studies he aknowledged the values of his time, especially the precepts of the new doctrine of Positivism, wherein he foresee "a large opening of Romania's progress".

[will be continued...]

Presentation realised by

Ion Nefliu,

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